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What can an eye exam pick up?

 

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Along with eye-related concerns, it is possible to detect other health issues during a comprehensive eye exam.

In fact, you may even find yourself leavingthe opticians with a referral to another specialist because of a specific test that your ophthalmologist performed during your eye exam. Here are just a few health issues that may be discovered during an eye exam:

Diabetes

Diabetes affects the small capillaries in the retina of the eyes. These blood vessels may leak blood or a yellowish fluid, and this may be discovered in an eye exam. If your eye doctor notices this condition, you may have a condition called diabetic retinopathy.

Hypertension

Blood vessels in the eye may exhibit bends, kinks or tears, and this can indicate high blood pressure.

Autoimmune disorders

If the eye is inflamed, this may be a sign of Lupus or another autoimmune disorder.

High cholesterol

The cornea may have a yellowish appearance or a yellow ring around it which can be a sign of high cholesterol. There may also be plaques in the blood vessels of the retina which could indicate elevated cholesterol.

Thyroid disease

One of the telltale signs of thyroid disease are bulging eyes or protruding eyeballs. This condition is also known as Graves Disease.

Cancer

If your optician notices that the structure of your eye is unusual, you may be referred to a specialist. Ocular melanoma can develop in the cells that make pigmentation in the eye. Your eye check can also help detect skin cancer. Basal cell carcinomas can appear on the eyelid and could even spread to the brain through the eye.

 

Comprehensive eye tests are recommended once every two years for optimum eye health.